3 Ways to Overcome Anosmia According to Doctor's Advice

Anosmia is a condition where there is a disturbance in the sense of smell. Usually characterized by a complete loss of the ability to smell. To overcome anosmia according to expert doctor's advice, please refer to the admin review below.

Anosmia is very different from hyposmia, which is when the ability to breathe is decreased but not completely lost. Not only that, in those who experience anosmia, the taste of the food consumed can also be perceived differently.

However, anosmia is not a disease in itself. Rather, it is a symptom or condition that can be a sign of other health problems. Then how to overcome anosmia itself ? Here the admin provides a complete explanation.

Definition of Anosmia

As is known, anosmia is the inability or decreased ability to smell. This can happen permanently or temporarily. Because, in fact there are some people who do have anosmia since birth, and to overcome anosmia is actually not difficult.

Some experts also suspect that anosmia can affect 3-20 percent of the human population. If the sense of smell is disturbed, it can affect a person's quality of life. This occurs when the activity of tasting food, because the sensation of food taste is a combination of the senses of smell and taste.

It can be concluded, people with anosmia will experience an appetite disorder that results in a lack of nutrition. Not only that, anosmia can also result in the sufferer not being aware of any danger signs around him, such as not being able to detect gas cylinder leaks or the smell of fire smoke.

Before explaining further about overcome anosmia, you should know that anosmia is a different thing from flu symptoms. The things that distinguish anosmia from flu symptoms are:

- Anosmia generally appears suddenly. After the incubation period of COVID-19 in the body, the symptoms of anosmia will appear suddenly. Unlike the flu, which generally starts with a runny and stuffy nose that causes you to lose the ability to smell.

- Anosmia due to COVID-19 is related to the central nervous system. This is in contrast to flu symptoms, which lose their sense of smell, which is generally caused by a blocked respiratory tract.

- Anosmia and flu symptoms are roughly the same. However, studies have shown that the loss of the ability to smell in COVID-19 patients is more severe than in those with the flu.

How to Overcome Anosmia According to Doctors

Anosmia can subside on its own in a matter of weeks or months and some are permanent. However, there are several ways to treat and prevent anosmia that you can try at home to restore your sense of smell more quickly.

Here's how to overcome anosmia, namely:

1. Clean the inside of the nose

The first way is to clean the inside of the nose to overcome anosmia. The trick is also not difficult, rinse the inside of the nose with a salt water solution. This method is helpful if your sense of smell is affected by an infection or allergy.

If you can't make a brine solution at home, some pharmacies usually sell sachets that can be used to make a brine solution. Then, rinse your nose using the solution.

2. Practice the Sense of Smell

Furthermore, to overcome anosmia, do exercises the sense of smell. You can do this by relying on the memory of smell to reactivate the olfactory nerves. This exercise also involves repeated smelling of some scents, such as lemon, rose, clove, and eucalyptus.

The trick, each healthy aroma is inhaled deeply for 15-20 seconds. When you inhale it, try to remember what the smell of these ingredients is like. Imagining the smell of an object is thought to be able to train the work of the nerve endings of the sense of smell.

How to overcome anosmia in order to restore the sense of smell on this one can be done 2-3 times a day for at least 3 months. Research also states that there is an increase in the ability of the sense of smell in COVID-19 sufferers who experience anosmia after doing this exercise.

Here are some effective ways to prevent and overcome anosmia by practicing the sense of smell, including:

a. Eucalyptus oil

The first effective way to prevent and overcome anosmia is to use eucalyptus oil. Relieve anosmia can be done by inhaling a strong aroma. One of the sources of fragrances with a strong aroma is eucalyptus oil.

In order to help with the recovery of anosmia, while inhaling the smell, people with anosmia should remember the original smell of eucalyptus oil. This method can be done to help stimulate smell and can be done 2-3 times a day.

b. Castor oil

The second effective way to prevent and overcome anosmia is to inhale the aroma of castor oil. Castor oil has been used for a long time to restore a lost sense of smell. This can not be separated from the content of ricinoleic acid in it.

Ricinoleic acid can support the fight against infection. This substance also serves to reduce inflammation of the nasal passages caused by colds and allergies. So, by using castor oil you can overcome anosmia.

c. Ginger

The next effective way to prevent and overcome anosmia is to use ginger. Ginger has a distinctive and pungent aroma. Therefore, ginger water to train the ability of the sense of smell.

Drinking ginger water, can naturally relieve inflammation of the nasal respiratory tract. Ginger water is also useful in reducing excess mucus that clogs the nasal passages and causes loss of smell.

d) Salt solution

The last effective way to prevent and overcome anosmia is saline solution. Salt solution can be a natural ingredient to treat anosmia due to allergies and nasal congestion.

As is known, saline solution can remove mucus and allergens that clog the nasal cavity. The way to overcome anosmia using a saline solution is to spray the liquid into the nose.

3. Take Medication If Recommended

Finally, if anosmia does not improve, you need to see a doctor at the hospital to get further treatment. Generally, doctors will prescribe medications to overcome anosmia and restore your sense of smell, such as:

-Decongestants

-Antihistamines

-Steroid nasal spray

-Antibiotics

Some research suggests that olfactory exercises are accompanied by a steroid nasal spray, in the form of budesonide. Can treat anosmia and improve olfactory ability compared to cleaning the inside of the nose using a saline solution.

Causes of Anosmia

The cause of anosmia is usually due to swelling or a blockage in the nose that prevents bad odors from reaching the top of the nose. Other causes of anosmia include problems with the system that sends signals from the nose to the brain.

The following are some of the most common causes of anosmia, such as:

1. Rhinitis (allergy)

The first cause of anosmia is irritation of the mucous membranes lining the nose, also known as rhinitis. This irritation can result from a sinus infection, the common cold, smoking or influenza.

It can also be due to allergies (allergic rhinitis) and chronic blockage unrelated to allergies (nonallergic rhinitis). Colds are the most common cause of partial and temporary loss of smell. In this case, to overcome anosmia is not difficult, because it will go away on its own.

2. Flu

Next up is the flu. Almost everyone has had influenza. This disease is caused by an influenza virus infection that attacks, especially the respiratory organs.

When experiencing it, a blocked nose will produce excessive mucus, thus making it unable to smell the aroma properly. When the condition of the body begins to improve, this insensitivity to odors will recover.

3. Nasal Polyps

Another cause of anosmia is blockage of the nasal passages. Loss of smell can occur if there is something physically blocking the passage of air into the nose.

These blockages include tumors, nasal polyps and deformities of the bones in the nose or nasal septum. To overcome anosmia you should consult an ENT doctor for further treatment.

4. Acute Sinusitis

Sinusitis can also be a cause of anosmia. As a result of sinusitis, the cavity around the nose becomes inflamed and swollen. This condition can damage the nerves and sense of smell and can also cause anosmia.

5. Age Factor

Older people will usually experience a weakened nervous system. One of them is damage to the nerves in charge of sending scent signals to parts of the brain. This can be a cause of anosmia.

6. Nasal Bone Abnormalities

Abnormalities of the nasal bones in the form of a septal bone that is not straight will block the flow of air into the nose. As a result, odors that come from outside do not reach the nose, so the nerves cannot send signals to the brain.

This inability to smell is a sign of anosmia. Is not the notion of anosmia itself is the inability to recognize odors. To overcome anosmia due to this nasal bone disorder, you have to go to the hospital for treatment.

7. Brain Aneurysm

To note, a brain aneurysm is a condition with the discovery of a blockage in the blood vessel in the brain that is shaped like a balloon. People with aneurysms in the brain are also at risk of experiencing problems with smell.

8. Brain or Nerve Damage

Then there is brain or nerve damage. There are receptors in the nose that transmit information via nerves to the brain. Anosmia can occur if any part of this pathway is damaged.

There are many conditions that can cause this damage, including:

- Old age

- Alzheimer's disease

- Brain tumor

- Huntington's disease

- Hormonal problems

- Underactive thyroid

- Medications including some antibiotics and high blood pressure medications

- Multiple Sclerosis

- Parkinson's disease

- Schizophrenia

- Epilepsy

- Diabetes

- Exposure to chemicals that burn the inside of the nose

- Brain or head injury

- Brain surgery

- Malnutrition and vitamin deficiency

- Radiation therapy

- Long-term alcoholism and stroke.

In rare cases, people are born without a sense of smell due to a genetic condition. This is called congenital anosmia. To overcome anosmia in this case, you should consult further with your doctor, friend.

9. Malnutrition

Lack of nutrients can make all the nerves and the body's metabolic system not work properly. This causes a person to not be able to smell certain scents and is at risk of experiencing anosmia.

10. Effect of Antibiotics

Finally, the effect of too much antibiotic is also at risk of weakening the nerves that work for the nasal passages and usually accompanied by ear disorders. This condition triggers anosmia. So, you have to stay aware of the side effects of antibiotics.

Symptoms of Anosmia

With a malfunctioning sense of smell, the food you eat may taste different. You also can't smell the smells around you and can even harm yourself without realizing it.

For example, when you can't smell a gas leak, the smell of smoke from a fire, and milk that is not fit for consumption. Here are 10 symptoms of anosmia that can be felt:

- Loss of Sensitivity to Smell Sensation

First, a symptom of anosmia that is sure to occur in someone who experiences it is a loss of sensitivity to the smells around him. This insensitivity can lead to disorders or other health problems. To overcome anosmia, it is better to immediately check for COVID-19 disorders.

- Headache

There can also be disturbances in the respiratory tract due to anosmia causing the sufferer to experience headaches. Symptoms of anosmia can be reduced by avoiding foods that may trigger headaches, such as caffeine and bananas.

- Changing Voice

In addition, anosmia also causes changes in the voice. This is one of the symptoms when a person experiences anosmia.

- Habit of Snoring

Due to respiratory problems caused by anosmia, someone who has anosmia will have a habit of snoring while sleeping.

This habit of snoring can be a symptom of someone who has anosmia. To overcome anosmia, you have to go to the hospital for a follow-up examination.

- Face Looks Enlarged

In addition to the habit of snoring, generally someone who experiences anosmia will have certain symptoms, such as the face tends to enlarge.

- Ears tend to enlarge

Not only the face tends to enlarge, in people with anosmia, the ears also tend to enlarge. This is a symptom of anosmia.

- Brain Damage

Another symptom of anosmia is damage to the brain. To overcome anosmia, you need to check a history of head trauma to determine if this disorder is causing anosmia or not.

- The emergence of polyps

One of the most common symptoms of anosmia is the appearance of polyps that can block the airways. This condition can affect sinusitis, so that a person experiences anosmia.

- Congested Nasal Cavity

A blocked nasal cavity can cause a person to not be able to use the sense of smell properly. The causes can start from the easiest things, such as influenza.

A blocked nasal cavity is one of the symptoms of someone who has anosmia. To overcome anosmia, you must immediately come to the hospital for further treatment.

- Zinc Deficiency

Lastly, zinc deficiency or deficiency is one of the symptoms of anosmia. Zinc is a mineral needed by the body, because zinc can help maintain the human immune system. Therefore, zinc deficiency can be one of the factors that cause a person to develop the disease.

Those are some ways to overcome anosmia and its prevention. Hopefully this article can inspire you all. Don't forget to share with your relatives and friends, so that they are also informed and benefit from the article that the admin is reviewing. Thanks.